of years ago, ancient scientists in India
described the energy systems that exist
in our subtle bodies or energy fields. The
Indian yogis called these centers wheels
or chakras in Sanskrit. These chakras or
energy vortices are seen to spin like wheels.
In the past Western culture and medicine
chose to consider this valuable information
from yogic and Ayurvedic literature, and
from the teachings and practice of acupuncture
with its roots in China as primitive and
unscientific. With modern technology,
science can now measure these subtle energies
at the chakras and the acupuncture meridians.
These chakras take in the higher frequency
vibrations and transmute them into vibrations
utilizable by the physical body. This
lower frequency vibration transmutes or
translates into hormonal activity within
the physical body to cause physiological,
and then cellular changes.
The ancient yogic teachings hold true
with seven major chakras within the physical
body. Each chakra is associated with a
major endocrine gland and a major nerve
The seven major chakras are located in
a vertical line from the base of the spine
to the top of the head. The first or root
chakra is at the base of the spine near
the coccyx and its corresponding nerve
plexus is the sacral-coccygeal. The root
chakra affects the gonad glands and the
The second or sacral chakra is just below
the navel near the spleen, and its corresponding
nerve plexus is sacral. The sacral chakra
affects the Leydig cells in the gonads
and adrenals and the genitourinary system.
The third or solar plexus is in the upper
part of the middle abdomen near the tip
of the sternum, and its corresponding
nerve plexus is also named solar. The
solar plexus chakra affects the adrenal
glands and the digestive system.
The fourth or heart chakra is located
directly over the heart and the thymus,
and its corresponding nerve plexus is
the heart plexus. The heart chakra affects
the thymus gland and the circulatory system.
The fifth or throat chakra is in the
neck at near the Adam’s apple over
the thyroid gland and the larynx, and
its corresponding plexus is the cervical
ganglia medulla plexus. The throat chakra
affects the thyroid and the respiratory
The sixth or third eye chakra is located
in the mid-forehead just above the bridge
of the nose, and its corresponding nerve
plexus is the hypothalamus pituitary plexus.
The third eye chakra affects the pituitary
gland and the autonomic nervous system.
The seventh chakra or crown chakra is
located on top of the head, and its corresponding
nerve plexus is the cerebral cortex pineal
plexus. The crown chakra affects the pineal
gland and the central nervous system.
The ancient yogic texts also delineate
up to five more major chakras and many
more minor chakras. The ancient acupuncture
models show meridians or subtle energy
pathways on the human body with many major
and minor junctions or acupuncture points.
As many as 72,000 energy channels or subtle
energy have been described in the ancient
People enjoy optimal health when these
chakras are in balance and harmony while
spinning with high energy. When there
is imbalance in the human energy field,
stagnation and energy blockages may result.
When these blockages are not released,
disharmony and dis-ease result.
Disharmony and imbalance at the high
frequency subtle energy level translates
into disharmony and disease at the lower
frequency level of the physical body.
2007 Gloria Alvino. The author gives permission
to print this essay in its entirety for
personal use. For use in a publication
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